Rural Livelihoods & Agrarian Crisis

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Living with Hunger: Chronic Food Deprivation Among Aged People, Single Women and People with Disability
Harsh Mander and Archana Rai

This paper seeks to illustrate the experience of living with chronic hunger, including prolonged deprivation of sufficient food to lead a health and active life; recurring uncertainty about the availability of food; loss of dignity in securing food for bare subsistence through involuntary resort to foraging and begging, debt bondage and low end highly underpaid work; self denial; and sacrifice of other survival needs like medicine. It attempts to understand these through listening to the experiences as recounted by destitute persons from intensely food insecure social groups themselves – specifically aged people without care givers, single women headed households, and adults with disability – in 8 villages in Orissa, Rajasthan and Andhra Pradesh.

Living with Hunger: Deprivation amongst the Aged, Single Women, and People with Disability
Harsh Mander
EPW, 2008

The enormity of human deprivation among the vulnerable and destitute is overwhelming. This paper describes the experience of living with hunger as recounted by persons from intensely insecure social groups from eight villages in Orissa, Rajasthan and Andhra Pradesh. Although the state has reached people in remote locations occasionally making a crucial difference in the lives of the destitute, this intervention is usually meager, uncertain and ridden with corruption. However, the grim stories described here are illuminated by dignity, courage and resilience.

Exclusion and Expulsion in Agriculture
Sandeep Chachra, Amanpreet Kaur and Dr P. Raghu
India Exclusion Report, 2016

This chapter from the India Exclusion Report 2016, seeks to map the trajectories of exclusion from agriculture in India. The classical economic transition school envisions our diverse world following a universal pattern of ‘evolution’ or transition from agrarian societies to industrial or post-industrial complexes with overwhelming majorities of human labour outside of agriculture. It insists that such a transition is both a universal path to build on and a solution to address under-development and poverty in the global south. This chapter problematises this conception, and focuses on who suffers the costs of such a ‘transition’; and consequently who is excluded ‘from’ and ‘in’ agriculture.